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管理画面

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2007年8月14日 (火) 02:41時点におけるBono (トーク | 投稿記録)による版 (en:Administration Panels 04:02, 26 Jul 2007 MichaelH の版(リバート元は 23:34, 14 Jun 2007 MichaelH 版))

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Administration panels (located at http://your-wordpress-url/wp-admin/) are where you control the behind-the-scenes operations of your site. Common to all of the panels is a heading which shows the name of your blog, a link to your blog's main page, a link to Sign Out, and a link to your profile (My Profile}.

Below is a tabular list of all WordPress' Administration Panels and their respective SubPanels. The links will take you to sections within this article that describe the various Panels and SubPanels. From those sections, you can navigate to pages detailing more in depth information about each SubPanel.

Dashboard

Write

Manage

Comments

Blogroll

Presentation

Plugins

Users

Options

Introduction

The Dashboard

The Dashboard tells you about recent activity both at your site and in the WordPress community at large.

Latest Activity

The Latest Activity box presents a concise summary and convenient links regarding current events at your blog. Displayed are:

Incoming Links 
Links to sites referring to your blog
Comments 
Comments in moderations and links to most recent comments
* Comments in moderation - How many comments have been held for Comment Moderation, and a link to moderate those comments. (see also the Administration > Options > Discussion).
* Recent comments - Five recent comments with a link to each comment on their respective post pages, and a link to edit each comment.
Posts 
The titles of the five most recent posts, and links to edit them.
Scheduled Entries 
The titles of all future dated posts, when those posts will go live, and links to edit them.
Blog Stats 
Some statistics on your blog: the number of posts, the number of comments, and the number of categories.

WordPress Development Blog

The Dashboard lists "the latest news from the official WordPress development blog." Here you can find out what the WordPress developers have been up to recently and keep up with the latest WordPress related news. In addition to software developments such as version announcements and security notices, news about the WordPress community in general is sometimes posted here.

Other WordPress News

Titles of posts and links to other blogs related to the the WordPress community.


Back to Introduction


SubPanels
Write Post
Write Page

Write - Make some content

Well, you've done it! You've successfully installed the best personal publishing tool on the internet. You're ready to start sharing your thoughts and ideas with the world.

Now what?

Simple. You login to your admin panel, and by default, WordPress opens up into the Write Administration Panel. This panel allows you to populate your site with actual information! It handles the creation of new Posts and Pages, and the editing of old Posts and Pages. You'll be spending most of your administration time here, so you should spend a bit of time familiarizing yourself with it.

Write Post

Upon entering the Administration Panels, WordPress defaults to the Write > Post SubPanel. This is the SubPanel you will use to write new posts and edit existing ones.

Write Page

Pages are like posts but live outside of the normal blog chronology. This means they will not be displayed with the rest of your posts; they can only be displayed individually. The Write > Page SubPanel allows you to create new Pages and edit existing ones.


Back to Introduction


SubPanels
Posts
Pages
Uploads
Categories
Files
Import
Export

Manage - Change your content

All of the actual content of your site can be managed through this admin panel. From here you can see lists of all your Posts, Pages, and Categories and edit or view anything in those lists. On this page you can also edit your Templates and other files used by your blog, Import content from various sources, and Export you blog.

Posts

Upon visiting the Manage Panel, WordPress defaults to the Manage Posts SubPanel. On this SubPanel you can edit and delete existing posts.

Pages

Pages are like posts but "live outside of the normal blog chronology" as you are reminded when you visit the Manage Pages SubPanel. Most everything here at the Manage Pages SubPanel is essentially the same as at the Manage Posts SubPanel. But there are a few noteworthy differences. So go check it out.

Uploads

Using the Upload Administration Panel, users can edit information and delete uploads that were previously uploaded via the Upload option when writing Posts and Pages. Note that the Miscellaneous Options SubPanel, Uploading, describes the location and structure of the upload directory.

Categories

Each Post and Link in WordPress is filed under one or more categories. This aids in navigation and allows Posts and Links to be grouped with others of similar nature.

Each category may be assigned to a Category Parent so that you may set up a hierarchy within the category structure. In creating categories, recognize that each category name must be unique. Thus, even if two categories have two different parents, they must still have different names.

Links to your categories are, by default, shown in two different places on your weblog (assuming you are using the default Kubrick theme). First, WordPress lists these category links in your sidebar. Second, WordPress shows all the categories to which a given post belongs under that of that post. When someone viewing your weblog clicks on one of these category links, a page with all the posts belonging to that category will be displayed.

The Manage Categories SubPanel allows you to create new categories, edit or delete existing ones, and organize your categories hierarchically.

Files

There are many user editable files in a standard WordPress installation. Examples include your theme templates, .htaccess, and my-hacks.php. In the Manage Files SubPanel, these files can be accessed and modified to suit your needs.

Import

WordPress currently supports importing data in the form of posts (articles) and most of the details or features supported by the existing software, from the following content publishing platforms. The details on importing are described in Importing Content.

Export

WordPress Export will create an XML file for you to save to your computer. The format, which is called a WordPress eXtended RSS or WXR file, will contain your posts, comments, custom fields, and categories.


Back to Introduction


SubPanels
Comments Awaiting Moderation

Comments

Comments are a feature of blogs which allow readers to respond to posts. Typically readers simply provide their own thoughts regarding the content of the post, but users may also provide links to other resources, generate discussion, or simply compliment the author for a well-written post.

Comments can be controlled and regulated through the use of filters for language and content, and often times can be queued for approval before they are visible on the web site. This is useful in dealing with comment spam.

Comments

In the Comments SubPanel you can modify or delete content found in comments to your posts. Defining rules about who can write comments and how comments are moderated is done elsewhere. See Discussion SubPanel.

Awaiting Moderation

The Awaiting Moderation SubPanel handles comments which have been marked for moderation. These are those which WordPress has decided might be spam (to define how WordPress decides this, see Discussion SubPanel). Such comments are not displayed on your site until you approve them (or until another user with the authority does so).

The menu tab for this SubPanel tells you how many comment WordPress has marked for moderation. So if the menu tab reads "Awaiting Moderation (0)", you don't even have to visit this SubPanel.

When the "0" changes to some other number, you'll need to go to this SubPanel and moderate the comments you find here. Each comment in the Awaiting Moderation SubPanel can be approved, or deleted.


Back to Introduction


SubPanels
Manage Blogroll
Add Link
Import Links

Blogroll - Putting the Inter in the Internet

So now you have a beautifully designed, content rich site on the web. Your only problem is that your site is a dead end; it never references all those other weblogs, humor sites, search engines, sports teams, or chicken cacciatore recipies, that you love so much, not to mention your gramma's "Punk Rock for the Octogenarian in us all" site. You go to these sites all the time, and they need to be presented to your reading public so all can enjoy.

You're in luck. WordPress has a well developed system for managing and displaying all those links.

All link management, including creation, editing, organizing, and importing, is handled through this administration panel.

Links in WordPress don't have to just be simple little links pointing to some other website. WordPress links can be organized by category, have internal references about your relationship to their destinations, be automatically associated with images, and can even be rated on a scale from zero to nine.

Some of these features may sound complicated, but all are easily managed in the following SubPanels. And, for the faint of heart, most of them are optional.

Manage Blogroll

The Manage Blogroll SubPanel is the main SubPanel for link administration. Here you can view all your links, or just the links from a particular category. Upon clicking the Edit button, this pages transforms into a view of just that one link, and you are able to change all of the options for that link.

Add Link

As you might expect from its name, the Add Link SubPanel handles the creation of new links.

Import Links

If you have a bunch of links you want to import, the Import Links SubPanel is your solution. Here you can import links from other blogs, via various websites or aggregators.


Back to Introduction


SubPanels
Plugins
Plugin Editor

Plugins - Add Functionality to your Blog

Plugins allow you to add new features to your WordPress blog that don't come standard with the default installation. There are a rich variety of Available Plugins for WordPress, and with the following SubPanels, plugin installation and management is a snap.

Plugins

The Plugins SubPanel allows you to view the plugins you've downloaded and choose which plugins you want activated on your site. For information on downloading and installing plugins, see Managing Plugins.

Plugin Editor

Using the Plugin Editor SubPanel, you can modify the source code of all your plugins. This SubPanel behaves precisely like the Manage Files SubPanel. As with editing files from the Manage Files SubPanel, you should probably only use this built-in editor if you don't have any other option.


Back to Introduction


SubPanels
Themes
Widgets
Theme Editor
Header Image and Color

Presentation - Change the Look of your Blog

From the Presentation Administration Panel you can control how the content of your weblog is displayed. WordPress allows you to easily style your site with Themes.

Themes

From the Themes SubPanel you can choose which of the Themes you have already downloaded will be used for your site. See Using Themes for information on dowloading and activating Themes.

Widgets

From the Widgets SubPanel you can add, delete, and configure, Widgets for your sidebar (or sidebars). The Widgets SubPanel details the information on managing your Widgets.

Theme Editor

The Theme Editor SubPanel is used to edit the source code of the various files associated with your Themes. It behaves precisely like the Manage Files SubPanel with the addition of:

Select theme to edit 
Use this dropdown to select the theme whose source code you wish to edit.
Select 
After clicking this button, the files associated with the theme you selected from the dropdown will be listed to the right of the large text editing box. You can then select a file from that list for editing.

As with editing files from the Manage Files SubPanel, you should probably only use this built-in editor if you don't have any other option.

For more information about the source code used for Themes, see Theme Development, Templates and the page on Template Tags.

Header Image and Color

The Header Image and Color Options allows you to manage the look and feels of a Theme's header. This option will only be present if certain Themes are active. The Header Image and Color SubPanel describes the details of this feature.


Back to Introduction


SubPanels
Authors & Users
Your Profile

Users - Your Blogging Family

Every blog probably has at least two users: admin, the account initially set up by WordPress, and the user account you, as the author/owner of the blog, use to write posts. But maybe you want more; perhaps you want several authors for your blog. If you want a person to be able to post to your blog, that person must have access to a user account; typically, every person will have her or his own user account.

At the Users Administration Panel, you can set up all of the user accounts you need. An important administrative feature here is the Roles feature. Depending on their Role, different users have different Capabilities. Briefly, a user can be assigned the following Roles: Administrator, Editor, Author, Contributor, or Subscriber.

You can also specify your and others' personal information such as name, e-mail, etc. from the User Administration Panel.

Authors & Users

You can create new users and manage the accounts of all your site's users at the Authors and Users SubPanel.

Your Profile

The Your Profile SubPanel is the default SubPanel for the User Administration Panel. Here you can specify your name and how it will be displayed on your site, your e-mail address (for administrative purposes) and other personal information.


Back to Introduction


SubPanels
General
Writing
Reading
Privacy
Discussion
Permalinks
Miscellaneous

Options - Configuration Settings

You might think, "All these other things I've been doing so far at the Administration Panels have involved 'Options'. Are these 'Options' any different?" The answer would be, "Yes." All the settings you've encountered in the other Administration Panels have dealt with very specific parts of your site, or have been of limited scope (only applying to one Category, for example). In the Options Administration Panel are all of the settings that define your weblog as a whole: settings which determine how your site behaves, how you interact with your site, and how the rest of the world interacts with your site.

The following SubPanels control these settings.

General

The General Options SubPanel is the default SubPanel in the Options Administration Panel and controls some of the most basic configuration settings for your site: your site's title and location, who may register an account at your blog, and how dates and times are calculated and displayed.

Writing

Using the Writing Options SubPanel, you can control the interface with which you write new posts. These settings control both WordPress' included Write Post SubPanel and the optional Writing by e-mail feature.

Reading

The options in the Reading Options SubPanel are few in number, but still important. You can decide if you want posts, or a "static" Page, displayed as your blog's front (main) page. You can also adjust how many posts are displayed on that main page. In addition, you can adjust syndication feed features to determine how the information from your site is sent to a reader's web browser or other applications.

Discussion

The Discussion Options SubPanel allows you to set options concerning incoming and outgoing comments, pingbacks and trackbacks. You can also control from this SubPanel the circumstances under which your blog sends you e-mail notifying you about the goings on at your site.

Privacy

The Privacy Options SubPanel control your blog visibility to search engines such as Google and Technorati. You can decide if you would like your blog to be visible to everyone, including search engines (like Google, Sphere, Technorati) and archivers. If you don't want your blog available to the search engines you can block search engines, but allow normal visitors to see your site.

Permalinks

For a nice introduction to Permalinks, check out the Pretty Permalinks section of Introduction to Blogging. But briefly, and to quote the Permalinks Options SubPanel itself:

By default WordPress uses web URIs which have question marks and lots of numbers in them, however WordPress offers you the ability to create a custom URI structure for your permalinks and archives. This can improve the aesthetics, usability, and longevity of your links.

This SubPanel controls how that custom URI structure is defined. For a more in depth description of the way this structure is specified, see the Using Permalinks page.

Miscellaneous

WordPress has so many features, that some of them defy categorization. Features like file uploads, link tracking and support for custom "hacks" can be controlled from the Miscellaneous Options SubPanel.


Back to Introduction


Sign Out

The Sign Out link is found at the top right corner in the Administration Panels. It is simply a link that will log you out from your WordPress blog.

When you sign-in (login) to your blog, WordPress stores a so called "cookie" in your web browser. This cookie allows WordPress to remember who you are; if you leave your blog's site for a while but come back to it later, WordPress will see the cookie and not require you to login again.

However, the cookie cannot tell WordPress who is using the WordPress; in other words, WordPress has no way of looking back at you through your monitor to determine if you are really you. If you have a WordPress cookie set in your web browser, anyone using your computer can access the Administration Panels of your blog. If you don't want this to happen (perhaps you are using a public computer or a computer which other people use), you can click this Sign Out link, and WordPress will delete the cookie from your web browser.

You can, of course, log back in at some later time.


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