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「ブログ入門」の版間の差分

提供: WordPress Codex 日本語版
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(2008年4月14日 (月) 05:03 Voyagerfan5761 版の英文を追加、古い和訳文にも英文をコメントアウトで挿入。未翻訳)
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{{NeedTrans||[[{{TALKPAGENAME}}|ノートページ]]をご覧ください。}}
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このページは https://ja.wordpress.org/support/article/introduction-to-blogging/ へ移動しました。
 
+
<div ="What_is_a_.22blog.22.3F">
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== 「ブログ(blog)」って何? ==
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</div>
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「ブログ(blog)」とは、「ウェブログ(weblog)」の略で、継続的に情報を記録・更新し続けるウェブサイトのことを表現した言葉です。ある定義はこのように説明しています。「ブログとは、頻繁に更新される個人的なウェブサイトで、日記のような語り口と外部サイトの記事へのリンクが特徴。ブログの内容は個人的なものから政治的なものまで幅広く、ごく限られた話題に焦点を当てたものもあれば、広範囲の話題を取り扱うものもある。ブログはWebにみられる独自の形態だ」
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<!--
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"Blog" is an abbreviated version of "weblog," which is a term used to describe web sites that maintain an ongoing chronicle of information. A blog is a frequently updated, personal website featuring diary-type commentary and links to articles on other Web sites. Blogs range from the personal to the political, and can focus on one    narrow subject or a whole range of subjects.
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-->
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多くのブログは、「ウェブデザイン」「政治」「スポーツ」「モバイル技術」など、ある特定のトピックを重点的に扱っています。様々な種類の外部サイトへのリンクを紹介する、もっと折衷的なブログもあれば、日常生活や日々思うことなどを書いたごく個人的なブログもあります。
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<!--
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Many blogs focus on a particular topic, such as web design, home staging, sports, or mobile technology. Some are more eclectic, presenting links to all types of other sites. And others are more like personal journals, presenting the author's daily life and thoughts.
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-->
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一般的に言って(例外もありますが…)、ブログにはいくつかの共通点があります。
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* 新しい投稿が上に来るよう、記事を時系列順に並べたメインのコンテンツ部分。記事はたいていカテゴリー分けされている。
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* 古い記事のアーカイブ。
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* 読者が記事に関してのコメントを書けるようになっている。
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* 他の関連サイトへのリンク。「ブログロール」と呼ばれることもある。
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* RSS("Rich Site Summary"または"Really Simple Syndication"の略)、Atom、またはRDFファイルなどの「フィード」。「フィードリーダー」と呼ばれる特別なソフトウェアを使えば、フィードを持つサイトに新しいコンテンツがあるかどうかを自動的に巡回して教えてくれます。ウェブデザインに関するブログ、[http://mezzoblue.com Mezzoblue] のDave Shea氏は、フィードについての[http://www.mezzoblue.com/archives/2004/05/19/what_is_rssx/ 総合的な概論] をまとめています。
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<!--
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Generally speaking (although there are exceptions), blogs tend to have a few things in common:
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* A main content area with articles listed chronologically, newest on top. Often, the articles are organized into categories.
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* An archive of older articles.
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* A way for people to leave comments about the articles.
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* A list of links to other related sites, sometimes called a "blogroll".
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* One or more "[[#Feeds|feeds]]" like RSS, Atom or RDF files.
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-->
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これら以外の機能を持つサイトもあれば、ここに挙げられた特徴の一部のみを持つサイトもありますが、ほとんどのサイトはこれらの基本要素を備えています。では、それぞれをもっと詳しく見てみましょう。
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<!--
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Some blogs may have additional features beyond these.
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-->
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<div id="The_Blog_Content">
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== コンテンツ ==
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</div>
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コンテンツこそが、すべてのウェブサイトの''存在理由''です。
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小売サイトには商品一覧があります。
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大学のサイトにはキャンパス、カリキュラム、講師についての情報があります。
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ニュースサイトには最新ニュースがあります。
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何らかの更新コンテンツがなければ、一度行ったサイトを再度訪れる理由はあまりありません。
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個人のブログには、代わりに意見や批評などのコンテンツがあるかもしれません。
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<!--
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Content is the [http://www.bartleby.com/59/4/raisondetre.html raison d'être] for any web site. Retail sites feature a catalog of products. University sites contain information about their campuses, curriculum, and faculty. News sites show the latest news stories. For a personal blog, you might have a bunch of observations, or reviews. Without some sort of updated content, there is little reason to visit a web site more than once.
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-->
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ブログおいての内容は、作者が書く記事(「ポスト」か「エントリー」とも呼ばれる)でできています。
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そう、ブログにはそれぞれの作者がいて、それぞれが自分自身の記事を書いています。
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通常、ブログの作者は、ブログシステム自体に組み込まれているウェブ上で操作するインタフェースで自分の記事を作成します。
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また、いくつかのブログシステムは、オフラインで記事を書いて投稿できるソフトウェアを別途使用することが出来ます。
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<!--
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On a blog, the content consists of articles (also sometimes called [[用語集#Post|"posts"]] or "entries") that the author(s) writes. Yes, some blogs have multiple authors, each writing his/her own articles. Typically, blog authors compose their articles in a web-based interface, built into the blogging system itself. Some blogging systems also support the ability to use [[Weblog Client|stand-alone "weblog client" software]]/[[:en:Weblog Client|en]], which allows authors to write articles offline and upload them at a later time.
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-->
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<div id="Comments">
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== コメント ==
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<div>
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もしウェブサイトの読者がサイトに関するコメントやティプスや感想を残していくことが出来たら素晴らしいと思いませんか?ブログを使えば、それらが出来るのです!多くのブログは来訪者にコメントを残す方法を備えています。また、他のブログの著者がブログに訪れることなく、コメントを残すことが出来る洒落た方法もあるのです!この機能は"pingbacks"もしくは"trackbacks"と呼ばれ、他のブログの著者が記事を引用した場合はそれが通知されます。これによりオンライン上の会話を簡単にさせることを保障します。
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<!-- Original Start
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Want an interactive website? Wouldn't it be nice if the readers of a website could leave comments, tips or impressions about the site or a specific article? With blogs, they can! Posting comments is one of the most exciting features of blogs.
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Most blogs have a method to allow visitors to [[#Managing_Comments|leave comments]]. There are also nifty ways for authors of other blogs to leave comments without even visiting the blog! Called "[[#Pingbacks|pingbacks]]" or "[[#Trackbacks|trackbacks]]", they can inform other bloggers whenever they cite an article from another site in their own articles. All this ensures that online conversations can be maintained painlessly among various site users and websites.
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Original End -->
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<div id="The_Difference_Between_a_Blog_and_CMS.3F">
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==The Difference Between a Blog and CMS?==
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</div>
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Software that provides a method of managing your website is commonly called a CMS or [[用語集#Content Management System|"Content Management System"]].  Many blogging software programs are considered a specific type of CMS. They provide the features required to create and maintain a blog, and can make publishing on the internet as simple as writing an article, giving it a title, and organizing it under (one or more) categories. While some CMS programs offer vast and sophisticated features, a basic blogging tool provides an interface where you can work in an easy and, to some degree, intuitive manner while it handles the logistics involved in making your composition presentable and publicly available. In other words, you get to focus on what you want to write, and the blogging tool takes care of the rest of the site management.
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WordPress is one such advanced blogging tool and it provides a rich set of [[WordPress の機能|features]]. Through its [[管理パネル|Administration Panels]], you can set options for the behavior and presentation of your weblog.  Via these [[管理パネル|Administration Panels]], you can easily compose a [[用語集#Post|blog post]], push a button, and be published on the internet, instantly! WordPress goes to great pains to see that your blog posts look good, the text looks beautiful, and the html code it generates conforms to web standards.
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If you're just starting out, read [[Getting Started with WordPress]], which contains information on how to get WordPress set up quickly and effectively, as well as information on performing basic tasks within WordPress, like creating new posts or editing existing ones.
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<div id="Things_Bloggers_Need_to_Know">
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== Things Bloggers Need to Know ==
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</div>
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In addition to understanding how your specific blogging software works, such as [[Getting Started with WordPress|WordPress]], there are some terms and concepts you need to know.
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<div id="Archives">
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=== アーカイブ ===
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</div>
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ブログは記事を残しておくための有用な方法であり、多くのブログは日付を元にアーカイブを生成しています。また、アーカイブはカテゴリ内に収められており、カテゴリにより記事を探し出すことも出来ます。記事が何について書かれているかはあなた自身が決定できます。ブログのトップページにあるカレンダーから、1日単位で記事へのリンクをたどることも出来ます。
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これだけでなく、記事の著者やアルファベットによってもできます。可能性は無限大なのです。この記事を整頓してくれる機能により、ブログをポピュラーな個人向け出版ツールにしてくれるでしょう。
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<!-- Original Start
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A blog is also a good way to keep track of articles on a site.  A lot of blogs feature an archive based on dates (like a monthly or yearly archive). The front page of a blog may feature a calendar of dates linked to daily archives. Archives can also be based on categories featuring all the articles related to a specific category. 
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It does not stop there; you can also archive your posts by author or alphabetically. The possibilities are endless. This ability to organize and present articles in a composed fashion is much of what makes blogging a popular personal publishing tool.
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Original End -->
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<div id="Feeds">
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=== フィード ===
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</div>
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A Feed is a function of special software that allows "Feedreaders" to access a site automatically looking for new content and then post updates about that new content to another site. This provides a way for users to keep up with the latest and hottest information posted on different blogging sites.  Some Feeds include RSS (alternately defined as "Rich Site Summary" or "Really Simple Syndication"), Atom or RDF files.  Dave Shea, author of the web design weblog [http://mezzoblue.com Mezzoblue] has written [http://www.mezzoblue.com/archives/2004/05/19/what_is_rssx/ a comprehensive summary] of feeds.
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<div id="Blogrolls">
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=== ブログロール ===
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</div>
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ブログロールとは、Blogの著者が価値があり、そして面白いと思ったWebサイトへのリンクをリスト化したものです。 これらは、カテゴリ分けされることもあります。 通常ブログロールのリンクは、同じような趣向を持ったサイトに貼られます。 既にカレンダーに関して述べられている様に、ブログロールやArchives(アーカイブ)へのリンクは、"sidebar(サイドバー)"に表示されますが、専用のページを設ける場合もあります。 [http://blogrolling.com BlogRolling]と[http://blo.gs blo.gs]は、ブログロールに関連した興味深い機能や、ヘルプを提供する数少ないWebサイトです。BlogRollingはブログロールを容易に維持したり、ブログに組み込む機能を提供しています。 Wordpressには、既にリンク管理ツールが備わっていますので、ブログロールの作成や管理のために、ユーザー側でサードパーティーのサービスを利用する必要はありません。
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<!-- Original Start
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A [[用語集#Blogroll|blogroll]] is a list, sometimes categorized, of links to webpages the author of a blog finds worthwhile or interesting. The links in a blogroll are usually to other blogs with similar interests. The blogroll is often in a "sidebar" on the page or featured as a dedicated separate web page. [http://blogrolling.com BlogRolling] and [http://blo.gs blo.gs] are two websites that provide some interesting functions or help related to blogrolls. These sites provide methods for users to maintain these rolls effortlessly and integrate them into weblogs. WordPress has a built-in [[Links Manager|Link Manager]] so users do not have to depend on a third party for creating and managing their blogroll.
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Original End -->
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<div id="Syndication">
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=== Syndication(シンジケーション)===
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</div>
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フィードとは、定期的に更新される記事の内容を、通常XML形式で記述した情報です。多くのブログは、たいていRSSフィードを配信していますが、既に述べた様に、AtomやRDF、またそれら以外の形式でも配信されていることがあります。"フィードリーダー"と呼ばれるツールは、ある特定のブログの更新をチェックします。更新が確認された時には、その新着記事の抜粋、もしくは全文と共に表示し、記事に対してリンクを貼ります。どのフィードも時間と共に配信される項目を含んでします。フィードをチェックする時、実際フィードリーダーは新規の項目を探しています。新規の項目は自動的に検出され、ユーザーが読めるようにダウンロードされます。そのため、ユーザーが関心のある全てのブログにアクセスする必要はありません。ユーザー側は、興味のあるブログのRSSフィードへのリンクを、フィードリーダーに追加するだけでいいのです。そしてフィードリーダーは、それらのブログで新規の投稿があった時に、ユーザーに通知します。多くのブログは、これら"シンジケーション" フィード を読者に対して提供しています。
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<!-- Original Start
+
A feed is a machine readable (usually XML) content publication that is updated regularly. Many weblogs publish a feed (usually RSS, but also possibly Atom and RDF and so on, as described above). There are tools out there that call themselves "feedreaders". What they do is they keep checking specified blogs to see if they have been updated, and when the blogs are updated, they display the new post, and a link to it, with an excerpt (or the whole contents) of the post. Each feed contains items that are published over time. When checking a feed, the feedreader is actually looking for new items. New items are automatically discovered and downloaded for you to read. Just so you don't have to visit all the blogs you are interested in. All you have to do with these feedreaders is to add the link to the RSS feed of all the blogs you are interested in. The feedreader will then inform you when any of the blogs have new posts in them. Most blogs have these "Syndication" feeds available for the readers to use.
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Original End -->
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<div id="Managing_Comments">
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=== コメント管理 ===
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</div>
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One of the most exciting features of blogging tools are the comments.  This highly interactive feature allows users to comment upon article posts and link to your posts and comment on and recommend them.  These are known as '''trackbacks''' and '''pingbacks''' . We'll also discuss how to moderate and manage comments and how to deal with the annoying trend in "comment spam", when unwanted comments are posted to your blog.
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*[[#Trackbacks|Trackbacks]]
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*[[#Pingbacks|Pingbacks]]
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*[[#Verifying Pingbacks and Trackbacks|Verifying Pingbacks and Trackbacks]]
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*[[#Comment Moderation|Comment Moderation]]
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*[[#Comment Spam|Comment Spam]]
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<div id="Trackbacks">
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==== トラックバック ====
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</div>
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[[用語集#Trackback|Trackbacks]] were originally developed by [http://www.sixapart.com/ SixApart], creators of the [http://www.movabletype.org/ MovableType] blog package.  SixApart has a good [http://www.movabletype.org/trackback/beginners/ introduction to trackbacks]:
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<blockquote>
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In a nutshell, TrackBack was designed to provide a method of notification between websites: it is a method of person A saying to person B, "This is something you may be interested in." To do that, person A sends a TrackBack ping to person B.
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</blockquote>
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A better explanation is this:
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* Person A writes something on their blog.
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* Person B wants to comment on Person A's blog, but wants her own readers to see what she had to say, and be able to comment on her own blog
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* Person B posts on her own blog and sends a trackback to Person A's blog
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* Person A's blog receives the trackback, and displays it as a comment to the original post.  This comment contains a link to Person B's post
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The idea here is that more people are introduced to the conversation (both Person A's and Person B's readers can follow links to the other's post), and that there is a level of authenticity to the trackback comments because they originated from another weblog.  Unfortunately, there is no actual verification performed on the incoming trackback, and indeed they can even be faked.
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Most trackbacks send to Person A only a small portion (called an "excerpt") of what Person B had to say.  This is meant to act as a "teaser", letting Person A (and his readers) see some of what Person B had to say, and encouraging them all to click over to Person B's site to read the rest (and possibly comment).
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Person B's trackback to Person A's blog generally gets posted along with all the comments.  This means that Person A can edit the contents of the trackback on his own server, which means that the whole idea of "authenticity" isn't really solved.
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(<em>Note: Person A can only edit the contents of the trackback on his own site.  He cannot edit the post on Person B's site that sent the trackback.</em>)
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SixApart has published an [http://www.movabletype.org/docs/mttrackback.html official trackback specification].
+
 
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<div id="Pingbacks">
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==== ピンバック ====
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</div>
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[[用語集#PingBack|Pingbacks]] were designed to solve some of the problems that people saw with trackbacks.  The [http://www.hixie.ch/specs/pingback/pingback official pingback documentation] makes pingbacks sound an awful lot like trackbacks:
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<blockquote>
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For example, Yvonne writes an interesting article on her Web log. Kathleen reads Yvonne's article and comments about it, linking back to Yvonne's original post. Using pingback, Kathleen's software can automatically notify Yvonne that her post has been linked to, and Yvonne's software can then include this information on her site.
+
</blockquote>
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There are three significant differences between pingbacks and trackbacks, though.
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# Pingbacks and trackbacks use drastically different communication technologies (XML-RPC and HTTP POST, respectively).
+
# Pingbacks support auto-discovery where the software automatically finds out the links in a post, and automatically tries to pingback those URLs, while trackbacks must be done manually by entering the trackback URL that the trackback should be sent to.
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# Pingbacks do not send any content.
+
 
+
The best way to think about pingbacks is as <strong>remote comments</strong>:
+
* Person A posts something on his blog.
+
* Person B posts on her own blog, linking to Person A's post. This automatically sends a pingback to Person A when both have pingback enabled blogs.
+
* Person A's blog receives the pingback, then <strong>automatically</strong> goes to Person B's post to confirm that the pingback did, in fact, originate there.
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The pingback is generally displayed on Person A's blog as simply a link to Person B's post.  In this way, all editorial control over posts rests exclusively with the individual authors (unlike the trackback excerpt, which can be edited by the trackback recipient).  The automatic verification  process introduces a level of authenticity, making it harder to fake a pingback.
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Some feel that trackbacks are superior because readers of Person A's blog can at least see some of what Person B has to say, and then decide if they want to read more (and therefore click over to Person B's blog).  Others feel that pingbacks are superior because they create a verifiable connection between posts.
+
 
+
<div id="Verifying_Pingbacks_and_Trackbacks">
+
==== Verifying Pingbacks and Trackbacks ====
+
</div>
+
Comments on blogs are often criticized as lacking <strong>authority</strong>, since anyone can post anything using any name they like:  there's no verification process to ensure that the person is who they claim to be.  Trackbacks and Pingbacks both aim to provide some verification to blog commenting.
+
 
+
<div id="Comment_Moderation">
+
==== Comment Moderation====
+
</div>
+
[[Comment Moderation]] is a feature which allows the website owner and author to monitor and control the comments on the different article posts, and can help in tackling comment spam. It lets you moderate comments, & you can delete unwanted comments, approve cool comments and make other decisions about the comments.
+
 
+
<div id="Comment Spam">
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==== コメントスパム ====
+
</div>
+
[[コメントスパム|Comment Spam]] refers to useless comments (or trackbacks, or pingbacks) to posts on a blog. These are often irrelevant to the context value of the post. They can contain one or more links to other websites or domains. Spammers use Comment Spam as a medium to get higher page rank for their domains in Google, so that they can sell those domains at a higher price sometime in future or to obtain a high ranking in search results for an existing website.
+
 
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Spammers are relentless; because there can be substantial money involved, they work hard at their "job." They even build automated tools (robots) to rapidly submit their spam to the same or multiple weblogs. Many webloggers, especially beginners, sometimes feel overwhelmed by Comment Spam.
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+
There are solutions, though, to avoiding Comment Spam.  WordPress includes many tools for combating [[コメントスパム|Comment Spam]]. With a little up front effort, Comment Spam can be manageable, and certainly no reason to give up weblogging.
+
 
+
<div id="Pretty_Permalinks">
+
=== Pretty Permalinks ===
+
</div>
+
[[パーマリンクの使い方|Permalinks]] are the permanent URLs to your individual weblog posts, as well as categories and other lists of weblog postings. A permalink is what another weblogger will use to refer to your article (or section), or how you might send a link to your story in an e-mail message.  Because others may link to your individual postings, the URL to that article shouldn't change. [[パーマリンクの使い方|Permalinks]] are intended to be '''permanent''' (valid for a long time).
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"Pretty" Permalinks is the idea that URLs are frequently visible to the people who click them, and should therefore be crafted in such a way that they make sense, and not be filled with incomprehensible parameters. The best Permalinks are "hackable," meaning a user might modify the link text in their browser to navigate to another section or listing of the weblog. For example, this is how the default Permalink to a story might look in a default WordPress installation:
+
 
+
<code>/index.php?p=423</code>
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+
How is a user to know what "p" represents? Where did the number 423 come from?
+
 
+
In contrast, here is a well-structured, "Pretty" Permalink which could link to the same article, once the installation is configured to modify permalinks:
+
 
+
<code>/archives/2003/05/23/my-cheese-sandwich/</code>
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One can easily guess that the Permalink includes the date of the posting, and the title, just by looking at the URL. One might also guess that hacking the URL to be <code>/archives/2003/05/</code> would get a list of all the postings from May of 2003. Pretty (cool). For more information on possible Permalink patterns in WordPress, see [[パーマリンクの使い方|Using Permalinks]].
+
 
+
<div id="Blog_by_email">
+
=== Blog by email===
+
</div>
+
Some blogging tools offer the ability to [http://wiki.wordpress.org/?pagename=How%20To%20Blog%20By%20Email email your posts] directly to your blog, all without direct interaction through the blogging tool interface.  WordPress offers this cool feature.  Using email, you can now send in your post content to a pre-determined email address & voila!  Your post is published!
+
 
+
<div id="Post_Slugs">
+
=== 投稿スラッグ ===
+
</div>
+
If you're using Pretty Permalinks, the [[用語集#Post Slug|Post Slug]] is the title of your article post within the link.  The blogging tool software may simplify or truncate your title into a more appropriate form for using as a link.  A title such as "I'll Make A Wish" might be truncated to "ill-make-a-wish".  In WordPress, you can change the Post Slug to something else, like "make-a-wish", which sounds better than a wish made when sick.
+
 
+
<div id="Excerpt">
+
=== Excerpt===
+
</div>
+
Excerpts are condensed summaries of your blog posts, with blogging tools being able to handle these in various ways.  In WordPress, [[テンプレートタグ/the_excerpt|Excerpts]] can be specifically written to summarize the post, or generated automatically by using the first few paragraphs of a post or using the post up to a specific point, assigned by you.
+
 
+
<div id="Plugins">
+
=== プラグイン ===
+
</div>
+
[[プラグイン|Plugins]] are cool bits of programming scripts that add additional functionality to your blog.  These are often features which either enhance already available features or add them to your site.
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WordPress offers simple and easy ways of adding [[プラグイン|Plugins]] to your blog.  From the [[管理パネル|Administraton Panel]], there is a [[管理パネル#Plugins_-_Add_Functionality_to_your_Blog|Plugin]] Page.  Once you have uploaded a Plugin to your WordPress plugin directory, activate it from the [[管理パネル#Plugins_-_Add_Functionality_to_your_Blog|Plugins Management]] SubPanel, and sit back and watch your Plugin work.  Not all Plugins are so easily installed, but WordPress Plugin authors and developers make the process as easy as possible.
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<div id="Basics-A_Few_Blogging_Tips">
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== Basics-A Few Blogging Tips==
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</div>
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Starting a new blog is difficult and this can put many people off, there are then other people who have blogs with no comments or visits. You want to stand out from this crowd of millions of bloggers, you want to be one of the few hundred thousand blogs that are actually visited. So here are some simple tips to help you on your way to blogging mastery:
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#Post regularly, but don't post if you have nothing worth posting about.
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#Stick with only a few specific genres to talk about.
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#Don't put 'subscribe' and 'vote me' links all over the front page until you have people that like your blog enough to ignore them (they're usually just in the way).
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#Use a clean and simple theme if at all possible.
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#Enjoy, blog for fun, comment on other peoples' blogs (as they normally visit back).
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{{原文|Introduction to Blogging|56322}}<!-- 2008年4月14日 (月) 05:03 Voyagerfan5761 版 -->
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[[en:Introduction to Blogging]]
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2019年11月9日 (土) 15:30時点における最新版

このページは https://ja.wordpress.org/support/article/introduction-to-blogging/ へ移動しました。